TraMel-WT: A Trial of Trametinib in Patients With Advanced Pretreated BRAFV600 Wild-type Melanoma
This phase 2 trial will investigate the efficacy and safety of trametinib and dabrafenib in patients with advanced BRAF V600 (v-Raf murine sarcoma viral oncogene homolog B) wild-type melanoma (stratified according to BRAF V600 wild-type/NRAS (neuroblastoma Ras viral oncogene homolog) mutant and BRAF V600 wild-type/NRAS wild-type melanoma patients) that have been pretreated and progressed following treatment with PD-1- (programmed cell death-1) and CTLA-4-blocking (cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated antigen 4) immune checkpoint inhibitors. The investigators hypothesize that treatment with trametinib will result in objective antitumor...
Trametinib for Pediatric Neuro-oncology Patients With Refractory Tumor and Activation of the MAPK/ERK Pathway.
This is a phase 1/2, open-label, interventional clinical trial that will study the response rate of pediatric glioma and plexiform neurofibroma (PN) to oral administration of trametinib. Patients meeting all inclusion criteria for a given study group will receive the study medication at a daily dose of 0.025 mg/kg up to a total of 18 cycles, in 28-day cycles. A total of 150 patients will be recruited as part of this clinical study. Patients aged between 1 month (corrected age) and 25 years old will be eligible, in order to include a maximum of patients affected by low-grade glioma (LGG) and PN. This study includes four groups: patients...
Tranexamic Acid Reduce Blood Loss in Meningioma Resection
In neurosurgical setting, a large sample size trials of tranexamic acid (TXA) has been limited to TBI and SAH. The evidence of TXA in brain tumor was scarce. A few case reports support the role of TXA in brain tumor patients with significant intraoperative bleeding and difficult achieving hemostasis. To prove the benefit of TXA for an attenuation of blood loss in brain tumor patients, research with a larger sample size is required. This prospective, randomized double-blind controlled study will be conducted to evaluate the effect of TXA in reducing blood loss and blood transfusion in patients with intracranial meningiomas, diameter > 5 cm ...
Transarterial Radioembolisation in Comparison to Transarterial Chemoembolisation in Uveal Melanoma Liver Metastasis
Characterisation of effect of SIRT and DSM-TACE as local treatment options for liver metastases in patients with advanced uveal melanoma with respect to progression-free survival and exploratory comparison of secondary endpoints regarding application, activity, adverse effects and impact on quality of life in a randomized study design.
Translational Study of Nivolumab in Combination With Bevacizumab for Recurrent Glioblastoma
The aim of this study is to make preliminary assessment of PD-L1 and other immune related biomarkers that might act as predictors of anti-tumor activity of Nivolumab in patients with recurrent glioblastoma
Treatment Decision-making in Patients With Recurrent High-grade Glioma
This qualitative study explores the lived experience of high-grade glioma patients and their close relatives at time of recurrence. With focus on the decision-making about treatment and care..
Treatment Effects Inclusive Cognitive Impact and Possibilities to Individually Adjusted Treatment in Patients With Intracranial Tumors With Clinical, Neuropsychological and Imaging Parameters
The main purposes with this trial is to investigate the potential of MRI with diffusion and blood volume, flow in brain to diagnose and to measure treatment effects in patients with intracranial tumors, especially gliomas and metastases in a prospective trial, to evaluate the possibilities to individually adjusted treatment in this category of patients depending on treatment outcomes measured by MRI, to perform clinical follow up in connection with MRI to evaluate a correlation and to perform testing of cognitive ability before, during, and after treatment and to investigate if given treatment causes any decrease in the patients habitual...
Treatment Intensification With Temozolomide in Adults With a Glioblastoma
Due to conflicting data on the optimal moment to start TMZ chemotherapy and the impact of prolongation of the adjuvant phase with TMZ, the ANOCEF (Association des Neuro-Oncologues d'Expression Francophone) group proposes this randomized trial comparing an intensified arm (early TMZ and extended adjuvant TMZ until toxicity, progression or patient refusal) versus the classical EORTC regimen as control (RT and concomitant TMZ started 4-6 weeks after surgery followed by a number of adjuvant TMZ cycles strictly limited to 6) for primary GBM adult patients.
Treatment of Children With Recurrent Refractory Brain/Solid Tumors and Recurrent Ependymoma
Many pediatric brain and solid tumors have altered epigenetic landscapes, and altered DNA methylation. As such this study is a Phase I/Ib study of combined 5'Azacitidine with an escalating dose of carboplatin for all recurrent/refractory pediatric brain and solid tumors. The phase I component will establish with maximum tolerated dose of carboplatin with azacytidine. An expansion cohort will be recruited of up to 30 patients will follow consisting of 20 recurrent posterior fossa ependymoma and 10 recurrent supratentorial ependymoma.
Treatment of Malignant Melanoma With GPA-TriMAR-T Cell Therapy
Malignant melanoma have been reported to be characterized with high gp100 expression. Patients' autologous T cells will be isolated and transduced by GPA-TriMAR lentivirus to generate the GPA-TriMAR-T cells. When infused back to the patient, the GPA-TriMAR-T cells will recognize and kill target cells that express gp100(209-217) peptides in the form MHC-I complex, thus eliminating malignant melanoma from the body.