A Biospecimen Collection Study in BRAF-V600E Mutated Recurrent Gliomas
This is a surgical biospecimen collection study. The purpose of this study is to understand how much of two drugs (dabrafenib and trametinib) are able to penetrate brain tumors and turn off the RAF signaling pathway. This is important because these drugs are currently FDA approved for other tumors and may have efficacy in brain tumors with the BRAF V600E mutation.
A Brain Metastases Research Platform to Tackle the Challenge of CNS Metastases in Solid Tumours
Despite some encouraging data, systemic treatment of CNS metastases from solid tumors remains experimental. Better knowledge on the evolving epidemiology and biology of BM are key elements for the development of new treatment strategies and identification of promising therapeutic targets for new compounds. Further biological findings may help to better understand the heterogeneity between the primary tumor and the CNS metastases and to identify new targets for therapy thus improving patients' outcome. In this context, the Oncodistinct network and the Jules Bordet institute propose to build a multidisciplinary Brain...
Acalabrutinib and Durvalumab in Primary and Secondary Central Nervous System Lymphoma
BTK inhibition and checkpoint blockade are promising classes of therapy for central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma and have demonstrated efficacy with acceptable toxicity. A multidrug approach may carry a higher chance of durable efficacy in this aggressive disease that carries significant morbidity and mortality. Given the poor outcomes and limited options for patients who are not candidates for high-dose methotrexate, the investigators seek to evaluate the combination in this patient population. 08/30/2022: The study was originally designed for those with primary and secondary central nervous system (CNS) lymphoma. However, the...
Acalabrutinib in CNSL
This research study is a Phase 1/2 clinical trial testing the safety, tolerance and efficacy of the drug Acalabrutinib for people with recurrent or refractory central nervous system lymphoma (CNSL).
Accelerated Checkpoint Therapy for Any Steroid Dependent Patient With Brain Metastases
Immunotherapy treatments are intended to boost a person's immune system to fight their cancer. Treatment with immunotherapy has been shown to be effective in a wide range of cancers, including melanoma skin cancer, lung cancer and kidney cancer, among others. Steroids are anti-inflammatory medications which may suppress the immune system. For this reason, persons requiring treatment with steroids have not previously been allowed to participate in immunotherapy clinical trials. Therefore, we do not know whether or not immunotherapy treatments are effective in patients who are also receiving treatment with steroids. When...
Acceptance and Commitment Therapy for Neuro-Oncology Wellbeing
Background. Survivors of childhood brain tumours have the poorest health-related quality of life of all cancer survivors due to the multiple physical and psychological sequelae of brain tumours and their treatment. Remotely delivered Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT) may be a suitable and accessible psychological intervention to support young people who have survived brain tumours. Aims. This study aims to assess the feasibility and acceptability of remotely delivered ACT to improve quality of life among young brain tumour survivors. Method. This study is a two-arm, parallel group, randomised controlled trial comparing...
Accurate DCE-MRI Measurement of Glioblastoma Using Point-of-care Portable Perfusion Phantom
The goal of this study is to test whether a new device developed at UAB can decrease the error in calculating blood flow of a brain tumor, leading to better prognosis. UAB radiological research team has been studying a cutting-edge imaging technique named dynamic contrast enhanced magnetic resonance imaging, or DCE-MRI, over 10 years. This technique has been globally used to calculate blood flow of various tissues including tumors. Blood flow often serves as a critical indicator showing a disease status. For example, a brain tumor has typically high blood flow, so the magnitude of blood flow can be used as an indicator to identify...
Acetyl-Amantadine as a Biomarker in Patients With Glioblastoma
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most common brain tumor in adults. The strikingly poor survival for patients with GBM (average survival 14-16 months following diagnosis) is due in part to limited early detection methods and an absence of effective therapeutic options. The study proposed would establish important evidence for the use of Health Canada approved drugs such as amantadine as a safe, effective and affordable way to monitor GBM. The method is based on the overproduction of a key enzyme in GBM cells called spermine/ spermadine n-acetyl transferase (SSAT1). The increased SSAT1 expression in GBM results in increased metabolism...
A Clinical and Molecular Risk-Directed Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Medulloblastoma
Historically, medulloblastoma treatment has been determined by the amount of leftover disease present after surgery, also known as clinical risk (standard vs. high risk). Recent studies have shown that medulloblastoma is made up of distinct molecular subgroups which respond differently to treatment. This suggests that clinical risk alone is not adequate to identify actual risk of recurrence. In order to address this, we will stratify medulloblastoma treatment in this phase II clinical trial based on both clinical risk (low, standard, intermediate, or high risk) and molecular subtype (WNT, SHH, or Non-WNT Non-SHH). This stratified...
A Clinical Study of IL13Rα2 Targeted CAR-T in Patients With Malignant Glioma (MAGIC-I)
This is a phase I study to evaluate the safety and tolerability of IL13Rα2 Targeted Chimeric Antigen Receptor-T Cell in patients with Refractory or Recurrent Malignant Glioma and to evaluate the changes of AE incidence.