A Brain Metastases Research Platform to Tackle the Challenge of CNS Metastases in Solid Tumours
Despite some encouraging data, systemic treatment of CNS metastases from solid tumors remains experimental. Better knowledge on the evolving epidemiology and biology of BM are key elements for the development of new treatment strategies and identification of promising therapeutic targets for new compounds. Further biological findings may help to better understand the heterogeneity between the primary tumor and the CNS metastases and to identify new targets for therapy thus improving patients' outcome. In this context, the Oncodistinct network and the Jules Bordet institute propose to build a multidisciplinary Brain Metastases...
A Cancer Research UK Trial of Anti-GD2 T-cells (1RG-CART)
The purpose of this first in human study is to determine the safety and feasibility of 1RG-CART therapy in patients with relapsed or refractory neuroblastoma. 1RG-CART therapy is a novel immunotherapy under investigation in which patients have their T-cells (a type of white blood cell) collected and modified in the laboratory, before they are given back to the patient. The T-cells are modified to express a chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) which targets disialoganglioside (GD2), a marker expressed on the surface of neuroblastoma cells.
Accelerated Hypofractionated Intensity - Modulated Radiotherapy After Hyperbaric Oxygenation for Recurrent High Grade Glioma.
This is a pilot study of radiotherapy using Hypofractionated image - guided helical tomotherapy after hyperbaric oxygen HBO therapy for treatment of recurrent malignant High-grade gliomas. HBO therapy will be perform in conjunction with each RT session. The treatment scheme is: Hyperbaric oxygenation therapy (the maximum period of time from completion of decompression to RT is 60 min) followed by tomotherapy (3-5 consecutive sessions- one fraction per day , 5 Gy / die ). The trial will enroll 24 patients in 24 months with a follow-up period of 1 year.
A Clinical and Molecular Risk-Directed Therapy for Newly Diagnosed Medulloblastoma
Historically, medulloblastoma treatment has been determined by the amount of leftover disease present after surgery, also known as clinical risk (standard vs. high risk). Recent studies have shown that medulloblastoma is made up of distinct molecular subgroups which respond differently to treatment. This suggests that clinical risk alone is not adequate to identify actual risk of recurrence. In order to address this, we will stratify medulloblastoma treatment in this phase II clinical trial based on both clinical risk (low, standard, intermediate, or high risk) and molecular subtype (WNT, SHH, or Non-WNT Non-SHH). This stratified clinical...
A Clinical Study to Evaluate the Safety and Efficacy of OrienX010 in Unresectable Malignant Melanoma Patients
This study is being performed to evaluate the safety and efficacy of Dacarbazine and OrienX010 therapy in Untreated Patients With Unresectable Stage IIIb/IIIc or Stage IV(Mla/Mlb) Melanoma. The study will be conducted in about 6 centres in China and total 165 patients will be enrolled. All eligible Patients will be randomized between Dacarbazine and OrienX010 in a 1:2 ratio, so 1/3 (55) patients will receive the Dacarbazine and 2/3 (110) patients will receive the OrienX010. During the treatment phase, the patient will receive OrienX010 administration once biweekly or Dacarbazine once every 3 week until to the end of treatment (EOT)....
A Clinical Trial Evaluating the Efficacy of Valganciclovir in Glioblastoma Patients
This study is a multicenter randomized double-blinded controlled phase 2 study evaluating the efficacy and safety of the anti-CMV drug valganciclovir vs placebo as add-on therapy in patients with glioblastoma. Valganciclovir is approved for treatment of cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections, but may also have anti-tumoral effects. Current evidence imply that most glioblastomas are CMV positive and that the virus can affect tumor aggressiveness.
A Clinical Trial to Evaluate a Melanoma Helper Peptide Vaccine Plus Dabrafenib and Trametinib
This study evaluates whether it is safe to administer a helper peptide vaccine with dabrafenib and trametinib. This study will also evaluate the effects of the combination of the peptide vaccine and dabrafenib and trametinib on the immune system. We will monitor these effects by performing tests in the laboratory on participants' blood, a lymph node, and tumor samples.
A Collection of Clinical and Epidemiologic Data Combined With Tissue and Blood From Patients With a Diagnosis of Neuroendocrine Tumors
The purpose of this study is to establish a neuroendocrine tumor registry. A registry is a collection of information. To create this registry, the investigators would like to get information, blood and tumor samples from people with neuroendocrine tumors. By collecting this information and material, the investigators are hoping to learn more about the genetic causes of neuroendocrine tumors. All of this will help us to better understand neuroendocrine cancer, so the investigators can find better ways to treat and diagnose this disease. DNA will be taken from the blood samples and will be used in future studies. This will be an important...
A Comparison of MRI Perfusion and FDG PET/CT to Distinguish Between Radiation Injury and Tumor Progression
This study will examine if MRI perfusion and PET/CT can tell growing tumor and radiation injury apart. MRI perfusion looks at the blood vessels in the tumor. PET/CT looks if the tumor cells are actively growing. The investigators will do these two tests and see which one is better. Patients will remain on study until the completion of either the MRI perfusion or PET/CT that are within 12 weeks of each other. After one of these scans, the patient will have no active interventions and will be off study. Optional: Restriction Spectrum Imaging (RSI) Sequence RSI sequence is an advanced way of looking at your brain. The scan allows...
A Compassionate Use/Expanded Access Protocol Using 131I-MIBG Therapy for Patients With Refractory Neuroblastoma and Metastatic Pheochromocytoma
This is an expanded access protocol/compassionate use single institution study designed to determine the palliative benefit and toxicity of 131I-MIBG in patients with progressive neuroblastoma and metastatic pheochromocytoma who are not eligible for therapies of higher priority. Response rate, toxicity, and time to progression and death will be evaluated.