Adjuvant Dendritic Cell Immunotherapy for Pediatric Patients With High-grade Glioma or Diffuse Intrinsic Pontine Glioma
Childhood aggressive gliomas are rare brain tumors with very poor prognosis. Due to the tumor's location and infiltrative nature, surgical removal is not always possible, and even when resection is performed and combined with chemo- and/or radiotherapy, tumor cells frequently persist, eventually giving rise to tumor recurrence. A promising strategy to eradicate persisting tumor cells is vaccination with dendritic cells (DC). DC are immune cells that play an important role in organizing the body's defense against cancer. The goal of DC vaccination is to activate these natural anti-tumor defense mechanisms to delay or prevent tumor...
Adjuvant Dendritic Cell-immunotherapy Plus Temozolomide in Glioblastoma Patients
In this phase I/II trial, the primary objective is to determine overall and progression-free survival of patients with newly diagnosed glioblastoma when autologous Wilms' tumor 1 (WT1) messenger (m)RNA-loaded dendritic cell (DC) vaccination is added to adjuvant temozolomide maintenance treatment following (sub)total resection and temozolomide-based chemoradiation.
Adjuvant Nivolumab Treatment in Stage II (IIA, IIB, IIC) High-risk Melanoma
Stage II patients with primary surgical treatment of cuMM are often at risk for recurrence of their disease. This risk may be reduced by adjuvant systemic treatment. Due to toxicities of adjuvant therapies the aim is to identify patients at high risk for relapse and to administer adjuvant treatment only to these patients. Thus an optimal balance between insufficient treatment vs. overtreatment has to be found. To define these patients a prognostic biomarker test will be used in addition to conventional AJCC staging. AJCC staging takes into account several prognostic factors. However, to subdivide stage II melanoma patients into...
Adjuvant Stereotactic Fractionated Radiotherapy to the Resection Cavity in Recurrent Glioblastoma
This multi-center randomized controlled phase II trial will investigate the impact of stereotactic fractionated radiotherapy to the resection cavity of complete resected recurrent glioblastoma on progression free survival. As secondary endpoints, overall survival, safety and toxicity as well as early response criteria on MRI, quality of life and neurocognitive function will be assessed. Chemotherapy will not be part of the protocol, however, additional treatment will be possible upon investigators best choice.
Adjuvant Sunitinib or Valproic Acid in High-Risk Patients With Uveal Melanoma
This randomized phase II trial studies how well sunitinib malate or valproic acid works in preventing high-risk uveal (eye) melanoma from spreading to other parts of the body. Sunitinib malate may stop the transmission of growth signals into tumor cells and prevents these cells from growing. Valproic acid may change the expression of some genes in uveal melanoma and suppress tumor growth.
Adjuvant Therapy Based on Pathologic Response After Neoadjuvant Encorafenib Binimetinib in Melanoma
The purpose of this study is to assess rate of disease relapse and hazard rate of disease relapse after neoadjuvant therapy based on the statuses of pathologic complete response or non-pathologic complete response, and postoperative adjuvant therapy.
Adjuvant Treatment Determined By Pathological Response To Neoadjvuant Nivolumab
Subjects with resectable melanoma will receive neoadjuvant nivolumab followed by surgical resection. Post-operatively, subjects will receive open-label treatment with up to 1 year of adjuvant nivolumab or ipilimumab plus nivolumab as determined by pathologic response at the time of resection.
Adjuvant Treatment in Extensive Unilateral Retinoblastoma Primary Enucleated (RB SFCE 2009)
Postoperative Treatment of Unilateral Retinoblastoma After Primary Enucleation according to histopathological risk factors of the International Retinoblastoma Staging Working Group.
Adoptive Cell Transfer of Autologous Tumor Infiltrating Lymphocytes and High-Dose Interleukin 2 in Select Solid Tumors
To determine whether special tumor fighting cells that is taken from participants' tumors and grown in the laboratory and then given back to the participant will fight the participant's cancer when their immune system is suppressed from attacking these special tumor fighting cells. This is called transfer of autologous (they came from you) tumor infiltrating lymphocytes (the cells that have been grown in the laboratory. Participants getting these cell infusions will also be treated with interleukin-2 (IL-2).
Adoptive Cellular Therapy in Pediatric Patients With High-grade Gliomas
It is believed that the body's immune system protects the body by attacking and killing tumor cells. T-lymphocytes (T-cells) are part of the immune system and can attack when they recognize special proteins on the surface of tumors. In most patients with advanced cancer, T-cells are not stimulated enough to kill the tumor. In this research study, we will use a patient's tumor to make a vaccine which we hope will stimulate T-cells to kill tumor cells and leave normal cells alone. High grade gliomas (HGGs) are very aggressive and difficult for the body's immune system to attack. Before T-cells can become active against tumor cells,...